The goal of an MBI unit is for students to work together to develop scientific explanations of natural phenomena. Regardless of the activities chosen by the teachers, if students are not talking, they are not sensemaking. Below you will find a number of resources to use as you facilitate productive sensemaking discussions in your classroom.
Ambitious Science Teaching (University of Washington)
- Provides resources for supporting ambitious science teaching at the secondary level centered around the Science Learning Framework.
- Specific classroom talk items include:
- Provides resources for productive classroom talk in science at the elementary level. Resources include:
Responsive Teaching in Science (The Responsive Teaching Project)
- Provides resources for attending to students' ideas in the classroom.
STEM Teaching Tools (University of Washington)
- Provides a myriad of resources including the following related to productive talk:
Doing and Talking Math and Science (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
- Provides a number of great resources for classroom discourse for both math and science classrooms.
- 5 Practices for Orchestrating Task-Based Discussions in Science (Cartier, Smith, Stein, & Ross, 2013)
- Ready, Set, SCIENCE! (NRC, 2008) (science) (Chapter 5 - Making Thinking Visible: Talk and Argument)
- Academic Conversations: Classroom That Fosters Critical Thinking and Content Understandings (Zwiers & Crawford, 2011) (general)
- Promoting Purposeful Discourse (NCTM, 2009) (math)
- 5 Practices for Orchestrating Productive Mathematics Discussions (NCTM, 2011) (math)
- Whole Class Mathematics Discussions: Improving In-Depth Mathematical Thinking and Learning (Lamberg, 2013) (math)
- Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn (Chapin, O'Connor & Anderson, 2009) (math)
- How to Promote Engagement, Understanding, and Independence for All Learners (Ritchhart, Church & Morrison, 2011) (general)
- The Power of Our Words: Teacher Language That Helps Children Learn (Denton, 2007) (general)
- Connecting Mathematical Ideas: Middle School Video Cases to Support Teaching and Learning (Boaler & Humphreys, 2005) (math) (example videos)
- Seeing the Science in Children's Thinking: Case Studies of Student Inquiry in Physical Science (Hammer & van Zee, 2006) (science) (example videos)
- Leading a whole class discussion (Lampert et al., 2013) (TeachingWorks seminar) (math)
- Aguiar, O. G., Mortimer, E. F., & Scott, P. (2010). Learning from and responding to students' questions: The authoritative and dialogic tension. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 47(2), 174-193.
- Chin, C. (2007). Teacher questioning in science classrooms: Approaches that stimulate productive thinking. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 44(6), 815-843.
- Lemke, J. L. (1990). Talking science: Language, learning, and values. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
- Scott, P., & Mortimer, E. F. (2003). Meaning making in secondary science classrooms. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.
- Van Zee, E., & Minstrell, J. (1997). Using questioning to guide student thinking. The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 6(2), 227-269.
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Harvard University Press.